Local Development Plan Emerging Strategy Consultation (read-only)

Ended on the 30th May 2014
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13. Glossary

Affordable Housing

Consists of social rented, affordable rented and intermediate housing, provided to eligible households whose needs are not met by the market.

Social rented: housing is owned by local authorities and private registered providers (as defined in section 80 of the Housing and Regeneration Act 2008), for which guideline target rents are determined through the national rent regime. It may also be owned by other persons and provided under equivalent rental arrangements to the above, as agreed with the local authority or with the Homes and Communities Agency.

Affordable rented: housing is let by local authorities or private registered providers of social housing to households who are eligible for social rented housing. Affordable Rent is subject to rent controls that require a rent of no more than 80% of the local market rent (including service charges, where applicable).

Intermediate housing: homes for sale and rent provided at a cost above social rent, but below market levels subject to the criteria in the Affordable Housing definition above. These can include shared equity (shared ownership and equity loans), other low cost homes for sale and intermediate rent, but not affordable rented housing.

Homes that do not meet the above definition of affordable housing, such as “low cost market” housing, may not be considered as affordable housing for planning purposes.

Area Action Plan

A type of Plan which focuses on areas of change or conservation. Their purpose is to deliver planned growth, stimulate regeneration, protect areas sensitive to change through conservation policies, make proposals for enhancement and resolve conflicting objectives in areas where there is significant development pressure.

These form part of the statutory Development Plan for the area.

Core Strategy Issues and Options Consultation

This document was the first stage in the preparation of the Harlow Local Development Plan but set out the development required by the then Regional Strategy for the East of England (The East of England Plan).

The Corporate Plan

This sets out Harlow Council’s priorities for the district between 2014/15 and 2016/17.

Development Briefs

A type of plan was focuses on small areas of change and conservation. These tend to focus on smaller areas with less complex issues. These form part of the statutory Development Plan for the area.

Development Plan

This includes adopted Local Plans, Neighbourhood Plans and the London Plan, and is defined in section 38 of the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004.

Duty to Co-Operate

Inserted by the Localism Act 2011 it places a legal duty on Local Planning Authorities, County Councils in England and public bodies to engage constructively, actively and on an ongoing basis to maximise the effectiveness of Local Plan preparation relating to strategic cross boundary matters. Local planning authorities must demonstrate how they have complied with the duty at the independent examination of their Local Plans.

East of England Plan (2008)

This plan was part of the statutory development plan for all local authorities in the East of England and provided them with development requirements between 2001 and 2021. This plan was formally abolished in January 2013 and is no longer part of the statutory development plan for Harlow.

The Employment Land Review

An assessment carried out on behalf of the Council to assess the future employment needs of the district together with an overview of existing employment land.

Generating and Appraising Spatial Options for the Harlow Area

An assessment undertaken in 2010 on behalf of Harlow, East Hertfordshire and Epping Forest District Councils to generate and appraise alternative development locations around Harlow.

Green Belt

A Defined area of countryside around a town or city which is protected from ‘inappropriate’ forms of development. Green Belts serves five purposes:

  • to check the unrestricted sprawl of large built-up areas;

  • to prevent neighbouring towns merging into one another;

  • to assist in safeguarding the countryside from encroachment;

  • to preserve the setting and special character of historic towns; and

  • to assist in urban regeneration, by encouraging the recycling of derelict and other urban land.

Green Wedges

Green wedges comprise areas of open land in Harlow which maintain the distinction of Harlow’s neighbourhoods as well as providing provide recreational and ecological opportunities.

Greenfield Land or Site

Land that has not previously been used for urban development.

GVA (Gross Value Added)

Gross Value Added measures the contribution to the economy of each individual producer, industry or sector in the United Kingdom.

The Greater Essex Demographic Forecasts Study (Phase 4)

Study commissioned on behalf of 24 local authorities in Essex, Hertfordshire, Suffolk and Cambridgeshire, to provide a consistent and up to date assessment of population forecasts. These forecasts provide the basis for developing options for future housing development in an area.

Harlow Open Space and Green Infrastructure Study

An assessment of the future needs for open space in Harlow together with an assessment of the quality, value and accessibility of open spaces in Harlow.

The Harlow Future Prospects Study (Linking Regeneration and Growth)

A study commissioned by Harlow Council to assess the implications for the town (and its regeneration prospects) under alternative levels of development.

Harlow Local Development Plan

This will replace the Adopted Replacement Harlow Local Plan (2006) and will become the statutory development plan for Harlow and will guide future planning decisions in Harlow between 2011 and 2031.

The Harlow Retail Study Update (2011)

An assessment of the need for future retail development in Harlow.

The Harlow Spatial Options Study (Stages 1 – 3)

An assessment undertaken by Harlow Council to generate and appraise alternative locations for development in Harlow.

Housing Market Area

A geographical area reflecting people's choice of location for a new home.


Refers to items and services necessary to support development. Includes, but not exclusive to, utility services, transport, schools, open space, community, health and leisure services.

Local Development Order

An order made by a local planning authority (under the Town and Country Planning Act 1990) that grants planning permission for a specific development proposal or classes of development.

Local Enterprise Partnership

A body, designated by the Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government, established for the purpose of creating or improving the conditions for economic growth in an area. Harlow is within the South East Local Enterprise Partnership (SELEP) which covers Essex, the Thames Gateway, Kent and parts of Sussex.

The London-Stansted-Cambridge Corridor Consortium (LSCC)

A partnership of public and private organisations covering the area north of Tech City, the City Fringe, Kings Cross, and the Olympic Park, up through the Lee Valley and M11/A10, and West Anglia Rail corridors to Harlow and Stansted, and through to Cambridge. Formed to organise and promote what is a clear economic area, with strong inter-connections; commuting to work and learn patterns, clusters of industries and supply chains.

Local Wildlife Sites

Designated land of county wide importance for ecology and biodiversity.

Market Housing

Housing which is to be sold on the open market and can include flats or houses.


A separate plan or strategy prepared to provide additional guidance to inform the development of an area. These may or may not be statutory planning documents.

National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF)

The National Planning Policy Framework (published on 27 March 2012) sets out the Government’s planning policies for England. The NPPF and the supporting online National Planning Guidance replaced a number of previous planning guidance documents.

Place Strategy

Will sit beneath the main Local Plan and will provide more detail on how neighbourhoods in Harlow will develop and change over the plan period. Each will set out a vision and priorities for the area together with any other supporting guidance to ensure future development is satisfactorily implemented.

Previously Developed Land (PDL) or 'Brownfield' Land

Land which is or was occupied by a permanent structure, including the curtilage of the developed land (although it should not be assumed that the whole of the curtilage should be developed) and any associated fixed surface infrastructure. This excludes: land that is or has been occupied by agricultural or forestry buildings; land that has been developed for minerals extraction or waste disposal by landfill purposes where provision for restoration has been made through development control procedures; land in built-up areas such as private residential gardens, parks, recreation grounds and allotments; and land that was previously-developed but where the remains of the permanent structure or fixed surface structure have blended into the landscape in the process of time.

Public Examination

Before the Harlow Local Development Plan can be adopted it must be examined in public by a Government appointed Planning Inspector. The Inspector will assess the plan and consider whether it has satisfied all legal requirements and is “sound”.

Strategic Environment Assessment (SEA) Incorporating Sustainability Appraisal (SA)

A procedure (set out in the Environmental Assessment of Plans and Programmes Regulations 2004) which requires the formal environmental assessment of certain plans and programmes which are likely to have significant effects on the environment. This incorporates Sustainability Appraisal which is a mechanism for considering and communicating the likely effects of a Plan, and alternatives, in terms of sustainability issues with a view to avoiding and mitigating adverse effects and maximising positives.

Strategic Housing Land Availability Assessment (SHLAA)

This is an assessment of land to determine whether it is potentially suitable for housing development. From this pool of sites the Council selects those which it considers to be the most appropriate for the area taking into account a variety of other considerations such as infrastructure, environmental and deliverability.

Sustainable Development

A widely used definition drawn up by the World Commission on Environment and Development in 1987: "Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs."

Viability Assessment for London Commuter Belt (East)/M11 Sub Region (2010)

An assessment of the viability of delivering affordable housing on different housing schemes (sizes and densities) in the area under different economic conditions. The assessment helps the Council to set an appropriate requirement for affordable homes on different development schemes across Harlow.

The West Essex @ Harlow Enterprise Zone

One of 24 set up across the country by Government to drive forward local economic growth by promoting targeted business sectors. The Harlow Enterprise Zone is split across three sites and consists of approximately 50 ha of existing employment land. The Enterprise Zone has the potential to create up to 5,000 new jobs in Harlow.

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